What is a waste stockpile?

Stockpiling of waste is the accumulation of one or more materials by a waste producer or a waste business. Waste is stockpiled for several reasons. Temporary storage of waste can occur as part of resource recovery operations, for example, waiting until enough material is accumulated to treat or dispose of it efficiently. Waste intended for reuse or recycling might be stored while commodity prices are low, until the value of the recovered materials rises. Some stockpiles are simply an inappropriate waste disposal.

Poorly managed stockpiles, or stockpiles of dangerous wastes, can be a fire and pollution hazard with risks to community safety, amenity and environmental health. Stockpiles can also distort Victoria's resource recovery markets, for example by undermining recycling businesses.

How are stockpiles managed in Victoria?

The Victorian Government has regulatory tools to limit potentially hazardous stockpiles and manage the risks posed by existing stockpiles. The Environment Protection Authority Victoria (EPA) can impose material storage limits though works approvals and licence conditions for sites managing prescribed industrial waste (hazardous waste). The EPA can also seek financial assurance for storage of certain materials, to ensure the site can be cleaned-up if required.

For existing stockpiles that pose a risk to the environment and human health, the EPA can issue notices that require the removal or better management of a waste stockpile. These notices include Pollution Abatement Notices that require stockpile owners to prevent further environmental damage, and Clean Up Notices that require the removal of waste.

How are tyre stockpiles managed in Victoria?

In April 2015, the Andrews Labor Government amended the Environmental Protection (Scheduled Premises and Exemptions) Regulations 2007 to introduce tighter controls for waste tyre stockpiles. Premises in Victoria that store more than 40 tonnes or 5000 equivalent passenger units of whole tyres at any time now require works approvals before they are built or modified, and a licence from the EPA to operate. Sites must also take specific measures to reduce fire risk. Unlicensed sites are subject to Pollution Abatement Notices, Clean Up Notices and fines.

Other measures, such as Fire Prevention Notices from the Country Fire Authority, Metropolitan Fire Brigade or local governments, require landholders to take steps to protect life and property from the threat of fire. There are also guidelines on the safe storage of some materials, including tyres, to limit their fire risk.

The Andrews Labor Government's broader waste and resource recovery program integrates infrastructure planning, education and market development for recovered resources, to address some of the underlying supply and demand issues that lead to waste stockpiles.

The Statewide Waste and Resource Recovery Plan provides a framework to maximise the diversion of materials from landfills for viable recovery and minimise community, environment and public health impacts of waste management systems.

The Victorian Market Development Strategy for Recovered Resources guides programs that build the quality, reputation and demand for products made from recycled content, pulling materials out of stockpiles and landfills. For example, Sustainability Victoria worked with VicRoads to amend specifications and develop the business case to increase the amount of recycled concrete, crushed brick and glass fines used in road construction. Sustainability Victoria is now investigating opportunities to use more recycled tyres in road construction and is leading the development of a national market development strategy for used tyres.

The Victorian Government also works with the Commonwealth Government on a range of product stewardship initiatives that place responsibilities on producers to reduce the impact of products, throughout their lifecycle, on the environment and on human health and safety.

How will stockpiles be managed in the future?

The independent inquiry into the EPA identified illegal dumping and stockpiling of hazardous and non-hazardous waste as key reform priorities. As part of its response to this inquiry, the Andrews Labor Government will modernise and reform Victoria's environmental protection framework to better to manage the impacts of pollution and waste (Recommendation 5.1). The government will also look at where other states have had success in reducing stockpiling through amending collection and rebate mechanisms (Recommendation 21.2). The government is committed to a waste and resource recovery system that works for Victorians — to reduce risks to human health and the environment, improve resource efficiency, and reduce waste to landfill.